Copper

One of the first metals extracted and used by humans, and among the most widely used metals in modern civilization. Copper is ductile, malleable and an excellent conductor of heat and electricity - these properties make it indispensable for numerous consumer, industrial and technology applications. It also combines well with other metals to form widely-used alloys such as brass and bronze. Copper is considered a base metal as it oxidizes relatively easily. It has the symbol Cu and the atomic number of 29 in the periodic table.

Copper has been instrumental in shaping human history. It was first used in coins and ornaments from about 8,000 B.C., and the discovery that it could be alloyed with tin to produce bronze ushered in the Bronze Age from approximately 3,000 B.C.

The rapid growth of developing nations such as China and India has significantly boosted global demand for copper in recent decades. The Andean region of South America is a prolific region for copper production globally, led by Chile, the world's biggest copper producer as of 2011.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Synonyms:
/ , / , (esp. in a ship's kitchen)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • copper(I) — copper(I) …   English syllables

  • copper(II) — copper(II) …   English syllables

  • Copper — Cop per, n. [OE. coper (cf. D. koper, Sw. koppar, Dan. kobber, G. kupfer), LL. cuper, fr. L. cuprum for earlier Cyprium, Cyprium aes, i.e., Cyprian brass, fr. Gr. ? of Cyprus (Gr. ?), anciently renowned for its copper mines. Cf. {Cypreous}.] 1. A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • copper — copper1 [käp′ər] n. pl. copper or coppers [ME & OE coper < LL cuprum, contr. < Cyprium ( aes), Cyprian (brass), copper, after Gr Kyprios,CYPRUS, noted for its copper mines] 1. a reddish brown, malleable, ductile, metallic element that is… …   English World dictionary

  • COPPER —    Copper was the first metal humans learned to work with. The earliest evidence comes from Cayonu in southeast Turkey (late ninth or early eighth millennium B.C.), where small items of jewelry were made from cold hammered nuggets. Large scale… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • copper — Ⅰ. copper [1] ► NOUN 1) a red brown metallic chemical element which is used for electrical wiring and as a component of brass and bronze. 2) (coppers) Brit. coins of low value made of copper or bronze. 3) Brit. dated a large copper or iron… …   English terms dictionary

  • Copper — Cop per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Coppered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Coppering}.] To cover or coat with copper; to sheathe with sheets of copper; as, to copper a ship. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Copper — (englisch für „Kupfer“) steht für: Amiga Copper, Koprozessor der Amiga Computer Copper River (Alaska) Copper River (Wisconsin) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • copper — cop‧per [ˈkɒpə ǁ ˈkɑːpər] noun 1. [uncountable] a reddish brown metal used, among other things, for making wire and cable S: • On Friday, copper for March delivery ended at 98.9 cents a pound, up 1.9 cents. • The company is a major producer of… …   Financial and business terms

  • copper — Symbol: Cu Atomic number: 29 Atomic weight: 63.54 Red brown transition element. Known by the Romans as cuprum. Extracted and used for thousands of years. Malleable, ductile and an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. When in moist… …   Elements of periodic system

  • Copper — For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

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